The risk of injury is present in every sport, so when an athlete engages in three of them it is obviously necessary to be even more careful. In the case of triathletes, most injuries are of the overuse type rather than the acute type. Such injuries may be fairly common in triathlete circles but they are also relatively easy to avoid and treat provided that the athlete exercises caution, as Triathlete Europe magazine notes in an article on its website.
Since muscle imbalances are behind most overuse injuries, the best preventive approach is to hinder and reverse these imbalances. Triathletes usually develop particular imbalances due to the specific postures and repetitive motions involved in their disciplines. These particular imbalances are in turn responsible for particular injuries. In order to reverse imbalances, triathletes should stretch muscles which typically become shortened through training and strengthen muscles which get weakened.
Another major cause of overuse injuries is poor technique. In the case of swimmers straying from the recommended arm cycle technique, the result is usually swimmer´s shoulder. Low back and knee problems tend to affect cyclists whose bike seats are either too high or too low. As for runners, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis and runner´s knee typically trouble those whose feet over-pronate. The obvious solution is to modify technique, which requires time and discipline but is more than worth the effort.
Last but not least, many overuse injuries can be prevented by avoiding sudden and significant increases in training volume. Any increase should be done gradually and the volume should not be increased every week so as to give tissues time to adapt.