Understanding and observing the rules is the first step to avoiding sports injuries and thus deriving the maximum benefit from physical activity. Given the rising number of overuse and trauma injuries among sports participants, including young athletes, it is essential to make prevention a focal point. An article on vkool.com provides an extensive list of measures that athletes can take to minimise the risk of injuries.
Wearing protective gear is a key preventive measure. Helmets can prove extremely important in sports like hockey, baseball, skateboarding and biking. In other cases, body parts can be protected through goggles, pads and guards for the mouth, wrists, knees and elbows.
Many young athletes overlook the importance of stretching and warming up. This is essential for injury prevention because cold muscles, ligaments and tendons can be easily damaged. Drinking lots of water is also very important because dehydration may lead to fatigue and increase the risk of cramps and heat stroke. Proper hydration is essential at all times but it becomes even more so on the playing field. Another factor with consequences extending beyond the sports field is nutrition, since it determines the overall condition of athletes. Physically active people need a diet that is rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals.
For newcomers to a sport, starting out slowly is very important. Training intensity should rise gradually so that the body has time to adapt. Too much strain at an early point could result in pulled muscles, heat exhaustion or overuse injuries.
Injuries may occur even when preventive measures have been taken. In that case, athletes should stop playing and allow the injury to heal. Any other course of action would aggravate the situation and may lead to a prolonged absence from the sport, sometimes even spelling the end of participation.