Sports and recreational activities are responsible for about a third of fractures sustained by children. A research team from Akershus University Hospital in Oslo, Norway has examined the incidence and causes of sport-related fractures in the local paediatric population, concluding that distal radius fractures occur most often and snowboarding has the highest fracture rate among sports.
The researchers studied all children aged under 16 who visited the hospital over a period of one year to have a new fracture treated. Led by Dr Per-Henrik Randsborg, the team calculated the number of fractures at 180.1 per 10,000 patients. The researchers recorded 1,403 new fractures in total, with distal radius cases numbering 436.aker
Commenting on the findings, Dr said that snowboarding was responsible for four times as many fractures per exposure time as other popular activities among children. In addition, trampolining does not appear to cause more fractures compared to other common childhood activities. As a matter of fact, trampoline use has a lower risk of fractures in comparison to handball and football, Dr Randsborg added. He also noted that the findings of his team should prove useful in identifying the activities that need further research with regard to the implementation of effective preventive measures.
The researchers calculated the rates of sports-related fractures as the number of fractures per 10,000 hours of exposure. In the case of snowboarding, the fracture rate was estimated at 1.9 and handball came second with 0.79. The respective rates for football and trampoline use were 0.44 and 0.35.