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Irish Study Identifies Risk Factors For FBS Groin/Hip Injuries

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Participants in field-based sports (FBS) need to take every precaution against groin/hip injuries, because once they sustain such an injury they are at high risk of a repeat occurrence. According to the findings of an Irish study, a previous groin/hip injury is the most prominent among all significant risk factors identified for FBS athletes.

The study comprised a review of existing research reports and was undertaken under the leadership of Julianne Ryan from the University of Limerick. The findings have been published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Athletes often sustain groin/hip injuries, especially those participating in sports where kicking, twisting and rapid acceleration/deceleration are an integral part of the game. One in ten visits to sports medicine centres are made because of chronic hip, buttock or groin pain. The Irish researchers undertook their review for the purpose of determining groin/hip injury risk factors for FBS participants and thus contributing to the development of effective preventive strategies.

Ryan and her colleagues identified 5,842 potentially relevant studies and selected seven of them for the review because of their high quality. After the results were analysed, the researchers established that the highest risk was faced by athletes who had already sustained such an injury: this factor was present in four study reports. Next on the list came older age and weak adductor muscles, each of them featuring in two reports. Overall, the researchers identified 11 serious risk factors for groin/hip injury in the case of FBS participants. Each of the remaining eight factors was listed in one study.